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BOOK:  DAVID CARR-SMITH  -  IMPROVISED ARCHITECTURE IN AMSTERDAM INDUSTRIAL SQUATS & COLLECTIVES

"TETTERODE" SQUAT 1981-/COLLECTIVE 1986 to--   - p13(of 13)

BILDERDIJKSTRAAT: THE NORTH-BUILDING ... in process

 

< TETTERODE - p1:  INTRODUCTION < 
< TETTERODE - p2:  PUBLIC-USE & WORK-SPACES <
  

< TETTERODE - p2-1:  RESIDENTIAL DOMAINS <
  
< TETTERODE - p3:  DACOSTAKADE BUILDINGS: MERKELBACH & HARTCAMP <
  

< TETTERODE - p4:  DACOSTAKADE: MERKELBACH APTS <
  
< TETTERODE - p5:  DACOSTAKADE: MERKELBACH APTS <
< TETTERODE - p5-1:  DACOSTAKADE: MERKELBACH APTS <  
< TETTERODE - p6:  DACOSTAKADE: MERKELBACH APTS <
  
< TETTERODE - p7:  DACOSTAKADE: HARTCAMP APTS <
  
< TETTERODE - p7-1:  DACOSTAKADE: HARTCAMP APTS <
  
< TETTERODE - p8:  DACOSTAKADE: HARTCAMP APTS <
  
< TETTERODE - p8-1:  DACOSTAKADE: HARTCAMP APTS <
  

< TETTERODE - p8-2:  DACOSTAKADE: HARTCAMP APTS <
  
< TETTERODE - p9:  BILDERDIJKSTRAAT BUILDINGS <
  
< TETTERODE - p10:  BILDERDIJKSTRAAT APTS <
  
< TETTERODE - p11:  BILDERDIJKSTRAAT APTS <
  

< TETTERODE - p12:  BILDERDIJKSTRAAT APTS <
  
   TETTERODE - p13:  BILDERDIJKSTRAAT APTS

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THE BILDERDIJK NORTH-BUILDINGS [bdN]
[written 2008 / info re 2008] 
 ... in process

To the north of the old Bilderdijk building are three apartment buildings with office-like street-levels. The whole street-level, and level-1 of the furthest buildings, were occupied by the Tetterode Collective in 1988/89 - the apartments above (L1 to L4 in building one and L2 to L4 in buildings two and three) are now occupied by private home-owners, completely independent of the Tetterode Collective. 

After the original 1901 Tetterode factory building in Bilderdijkstraat was extended upwards in 1906, a subsequent northward extension was built by the Company between 1906 and 1908. This building is a unique type within the fold of Tetterode - a street-level office topped by homes. Its office level is emphatically expressed as separate from the conventional apartments above: differentiated by stone facing and capped by an entablature inscribed with the Tetterode Co. titles over three shallow-arched bays, it acts as a bizarrely unrelated neo-classic 'plinth' for its surmounting apartment block. This office extension is said [by Jozef] to have been used for printing the Company newspaper, and its apartments rented to Tetterode workers. Two more modest early 20thC buildings (presumably not built by Tetterode) continue the theme northwards, their street-level units now renovated as a single office-like facade.

BILDERDIJK-NORTH [bdN]: W-FACADE - BUILDINGS 1/2/3 & bdN ENCLAVE ENTRY
(pic 17-4-08 / to N)

The 3-arched 'building 1' was built by Tetterode just before 1908 as Directors' offices with employee housing above. The furthest two office/residential 'buildings 2/3' are of unknown origin. The bdN enclave's entry is via the round-windowed green door 163 [pic rt] at the old building's north end.

BILDERDIJK-NORTH [bdN]: W-FACADE - BUILDINGS 2/3
(pic 22-4-08 / to NNE)

BILDERDIJK-NORTH [bdN]: W-FACADE - BUILDING 1
(pic 30-10-06 / to SE)

BILDERDIJK-NORTH [bdN]: E FACADE - BUILDINGS 1/2/3

(pic 26-10-06 / to WWN)
Viewed over the roofs of Tetterode's N-end workshops and kindergarten are
levels 2 to 5 of the buildings that extend the old Bilderdijk block to the north. These are ordinary city flats completely seperate from Tetterode - only their street-level and the furthest building's level 1 (all invisible behind the workshops) are continuous with Tetterode Collective's domain. The only bdN-enclave space east of its corridor is its original 'woongroep' meeting venue - now its work-display room & mezzanine store. The triangular roof-window of this projecting  'Presentation-Room' is in front of the kindergarten's west end [pic cntr]. 

BILDERDIJKSTRAAT NORTH-BUILDING (bdN) 
(Architect-Drawing: c1984 / Section WWS to EEN)

This cross-section through the bdN buildings cuts across the most central of their street-front office-spaces (now Sara Kramer's studio); the enclave's access corridor; its east-side 'Presentation Room'. The access corridor bisects the building's ground-floor, limiting the intrusion of N-end work-spaces. Only at this centre does the enclave expand to the east, projecting its 'display-space' into the workshops' domain.

.

THE BILDERDIJK NORTH ENCLAVE HOME & WORK-SPACES ("the WOONGROEP")
[written 2008 / info re 2008 - NB: this portion of Tetterode was not visited before May 2008]  ... in process

This most isolated Tetterode enclave occupies the five erstwile Company office-spaces along the Bilderdijk North buildings' street-front; extends to the rear (into the domain of the N-end workshops and kindergarten) a 3-level artwork 'display-room', store and basement, and intrudes a separate 4-room space onto level-1 at its north end.  The original physical divisions of the building are basically unchanged, thus this enclave (like the occupations of the Silo's central-stair offices; the De Loods workers house, and Bilderdijk's Entresols) displays the least radical type of self-made living-space: an adaptation to ones personal needs of an existing plan, rooms and services. 

The enclave originated in 198# as the meeting place of a 'Woongroep' [1]. Initially seven people lived here and used the (now) 'presentation-room' for meetings - subsequently this became an exhibiting space for the work of four of the residents [2]. When I first visited the Woongroep in 2008 Jozef was the only remaining resident, however the resulting conglomerate of one home, four rented work-spaces, a shared kitchen, and shared display/store-spaces - though now only used by people from outside Tetterode - still deserves the appellation 'enclave' because it has that entity's typical spatial cohesion around a locked access-corridor and much of its sense of social identity (both enhanced by its unique isolation in its 'own' building) ... its present users still call it "the Woongroep". 

The enclave is strangely entered. Seen from the street its row of five street-front spaces is punctuated by five 'front-doors' - seemingly each space has its seperate access - however all these doors open to stairs which exclusively serve the private flats above. In fact all the enclave's spaces, including its unit on the first floor, are accessed through an internal and almost unnoticable door in the north wall of the old Bilderdijk block's north-stair passage (via street door 163), or accessed from Da Costakade, across the kindergarten's playground to a locked passage (serving as fire-escape) which slices through the N-end between workshops and kindergarten, and enters the enclave via its rear 'presentation-room'.

The enclave's communal spaces are shown first: its passage; three-level 'presentation-room' plus stores, and kitchen. Next the street-front row of apt and work-spaces in sequence from south to north end and the level-1 work-space of Tatyana.

NOTES:

    1.  "Woongroep" - a 1970s term for a social group that was formed to discuss some ethical/social principle - for instance a feminist group. 

    2.  These four included a photographer, a fashion-designer, an artist (Jozef).

ENCLAVE 'PRESENTATION ROOM' & STORES - [recorded: 2008/11]
ENCLAVE KITCHEN - [recorded: 2008]
JOZEF APT - [recorded: 2011]
DOMANIQUE STUDIO - [recorded: 2008]
SARA STUDIO - [recorded: 2008]
ALEX & ALEX EDIT-STUDIO - [recorded: 2008]
TATYANA STUDIO - [recorded: 2008]

BILDERDIJK NORTH-BUILDINGS ENCLAVE: PLAN LEVEL 0
(Plan: Mikel van Gelderen 2006 / info 2008 / top is EEN) 

BILDERDIJK NORTH-BUILDINGS ENCLAVE: PLAN LEVEL 1
(Plan: Mikel van Gelderen 2006 / info 2008 / top is EEN) 

BILDERDIJK NORTH-BUILDINGS ENCLAVE: PLAN LEVEL  -0 (BASEMENT)
(Plan: Mikel van Gelderen 2006 / info 2011 / top is EEN) 

.

ENCLAVE CIRCULATION

bd NORTH-ENTRY PASSAGE

(pic 9-93 / to EEN)
Passage from Bilderdijkstraat street-entry 163. The bdN enclave's 'front-door' is in the left wall. (At the far end the passage turns right to the N-stair up to the Bilderdijk old building's enclaves.)

bd NORTH-ENTRY PASSAGE: VIEW THROUGH bdN ENCLAVE'S ENTRY DOOR

(pic 18-4-08 / to NW)
The enclave's open 'front-door'.

bdN ENCLAVE: VIEW FROM THE ENCLAVE'S CORRIDOR THROUGH ITS OPEN ENTRY DOOR

(pic 18-4-08 / to SE)

 

bdN ENCLAVE: CORRIDOR S-END

(pic 18-4-08 / to SSE)

bdN ENCLAVE: CORRIDOR N-END STORE AREA - TO SOUTH
(pic 18-4-08 / to SE)

bdN ENCLAVE: CORRIDOR N-END
(pic 18-4-08 / to NNW)

 

.

ENCLAVE 'PRESENTATION ROOM' AND STORE  (19## -)  [bdN-L0+L1+L-0 / E-side cntr] 

The enclave's only space to the east of its access corridor is the meeting place of the original woongroep, now the 'presentation-room' - a social and display space for enclave artists/designers. This large room projects out into the N-end workshop/kindergarten complex where it acquires its own roof-window [ref: pic of exterior above:" E FACADE"]. It is the nexus of store/work-spaces on upper and basement levels - a stair rises into the centre of a landing-like store space from which extrudes a long cul de sac 'passage' towards the north, another descends to a large transverse (east to west) basement; all these spaces are furnished with strange junk.

bdN ENCLAVE 'PRESENTATION-ROOM' - ENTRY FROM ENCLAVE PASSAGE
(pic 18-4-08 / to NE)

bdN ENCLAVE 'PRESENTATION-ROOM' - FROM ENTRY
(pic 18-4-08 / to E)

bdN ENCLAVE 'PRESENTATION-ROOM
(pic 18-4-08 / to E)

bdN ENCLAVE 'PRESENTATION-ROOM' - STAIR UP TO L1 STORE
(pic 18-4-08 / to NW)

bdN ENCLAVE 'PRESENTATION-ROOM' L1 STORE
(paste-up 2-pics 18-4-08 / to S)

bdN ENCLAVE 'PRESENTATION-ROOM' L1 STORE-EXTENSION PASSAGE
(pic 18-4-08 / to NNW)

bdN ENCLAVE 'PRESENTATION-ROOM' - STAIR DOWN TO BASEMENT
(pic 16-10-11 / to SSE)

bdN ENCLAVE 'PRESENTATION-ROOM' - BASEMENT
(
paste-up 2-pics 16-10-11 / to
SSE)

bdN ENCLAVE 'PRESENTATION-ROOM' - BASEMENT
(pic 16-10-11 / to
W)

.

ENCLAVE KITCHEN  (19## -)   [bdN-L0 / W-side N-cntr - 1 bay]

bdN ENCLAVE KITCHEN - ENTRY
(pic 18-4-08 / to WWS)

bdN ENCLAVE KITCHEN
(pic 18-4-08 / to NNE)

bdN ENCLAVE KITCHEN
(pic 18-4-08 / to EES)

bdN ENCLAVE KITCHEN - CUPBOARD
(pic 18-4-08 / to EEN)

bdN ENCLAVE KITCHEN 
(pic 18-4-08 / to SE)

bdN ENCLAVE KITCHEN
(pic 18-4-08 / to SW

bdN ENCLAVE KITCHEN - SW CORNER
(pic 18-4-08 / to S)

bdN ENCLAVE KITCHEN - TABLE
(paste-up 2-pics 18-4-08 / to NW)

.

JOZEF VAN DER HEIJDEN APT  (1994 -)  [bdN-L0 / W-side S-end - 1 bay]      ... in process

Jozef moved into the enclave in 1988 and has occupied three locations: from 1988 to 93 in what is now Domanique's work space; then a brief sojourn in the enclave's 'presentation-room' until his 1994 move into this present apt. In 2004/5 Jozef extended his residential space with a private bathroom/wc. This however is separated from his south end west-side apt - two-bays to the north and on the east side of the enclave corridor flanking the 'presentation room' door. 

Jozef is the enclave's only remaining resident. During his time here, though the physical disposition of spaces has remained unchanged, there have been various locational and functional changes - the most pervasive is a drift from internal domestic occupation to work-spaces rented by external users.   

JOZEF APT:  FRONT-DOOR NAME-PLATE
(pic 18-4-08 / to NW)

JOZEF APT: 
(pic 16-10-11 / to EEN)

JOZEF APT: 
(pic 16-10-11 / to E)

JOZEF APT: 
(pic 16-10-11 / to W)

JOZEF APT: 
(pic 16-10-11 / to NNE)

JOZEF APT: 
(pic 16-10-11 / to NNE)

JOZEF APT: 
(
paste-up 2-pics 16-10-11 / to NE)

JOZEF APT: 
(pic 16-10-11 / to E)

JOZEF APT: 
(pic 16-10-11 / to EES)

JOZEF APT: BATHROOM/WC - ENTRY ON ENCLAVE CORRIDOR
(pic 16-10-11 / to NNE)

Jozef's private bathroom/wc/shower is separate from his apt, located two 'bays' down the enclave corridor. 

JOZEF APT: BATHROOM/WC - SOUTH END BATH
(pic 16-10-11 / to SSE)

JOZEF APT: BATHROOM/WC - BASIN & MIRROR
(pic 16-10-11 / to E)

JOZEF APT: BATHROOM/WC - WC & NE ENTRY TO SHOWER
(pic 16-10-11 / to NE)

The glass-brick upper wall admits light from the 'presentation-room' that backs this small tightly organised space.

JOZEF APT: BATHROOM/WC - SHOWER ENCLOSURE
(pic 16-10-11 / to NW)

.

DOMANIQUE WORK-SPACE  (19## -)  [bdN-L0 / W-side S-cntr - 1 bay]

DOMANIQUE STUDIO: 
(paste-up 2-pics 18-4-08 / to E)

DOMANIQUE STUDIO: 
(pic 18-4-08 / to WWN)

.

SARA KRAMER STUDIO  (19## -)  [bdN-L0 / W-side cntr - 1-bay]

SARA STUDIO: FRONT-DOOR FROM ENCLAVE PASSAGE
(pic 18-4-08 / to S)

.

ALEX & ALEX AUDIO-VISUAL STUDIO  (19## -)  [bdN-L0 / W-side N-end 1-bay]

ALEX K: "SHOQ-STUDIO" & ALEX I: "SLON FILMS": 
(pic 28-4-08 / to W)

A large space across the north end of the enclave, shared by two businesses concerned with audio-visual productions: promotional videos, etc..

.

TATYANA VAN WALSUM & YVON VISSER DESIGN-STUDIO  (1998 -)  [bdN-L1 / W-side N-end 2 bays] 

The workplace of theatre-set designers: Tatyana (theatre desiger) and Yvon (product designer), occupies level 1 of Bilderdijk's two northernmost buildings. This self-contained complex of spaces, though used only as a working venue, still conveys a sense of 'home'. A stair, set into the corridor wall like a cupboard, mounts to a domestic seeming hallway, off that a store-room opens; then two linked spaces: a well equipped kitchen and a sort of sitting lobby lead to a large workroom in which a theatre set for Hamlet was in process of design.

TATYANA STUDIO: STAIR
(pic 28-4-08 / to S)

TATYANA STUDIO: STORE
(pic 28-4-08 / to SW)

TATYANA STUDIO: KITCHEN
(pic 28-4-08 / to WWN)

TATYANA STUDIO: LOBBY
(pic 28-4-08 / to NW)

TATYANA STUDIO: DESIGN OFFICE
(pic 28-4-08 / to NE)

TATYANA STUDIO: DESIGN OFFICE - SET-MODEL
(pic 28-4-08 / to W)

TATYANA STUDIO: DESIGN OFFICE - SET-MODEL
(pic 28-4-08 / to SW)

.

^ Top    > Next Page - DE LOODS >

< TETTERODE - p1:  INTRODUCTION < 
< TETTERODE - p2:  PUBLIC-USE & WORK-SPACES <
  

< TETTERODE - p2-1:  RESIDENTIAL DOMAINS <
  
< TETTERODE - p3:  DACOSTAKADE BUILDINGS: MERKELBACH & HARTCAMP <
  

< TETTERODE - p4:  DACOSTAKADE: MERKELBACH APTS <
  
< TETTERODE - p5:  DACOSTAKADE: MERKELBACH APTS <
< TETTERODE - p5-1:  DACOSTAKADE: MERKELBACH APTS <  
< TETTERODE - p6:  DACOSTAKADE: MERKELBACH APTS <
  
< TETTERODE - p7:  DACOSTAKADE: HARTCAMP APTS <
  
< TETTERODE - p7-1:  DACOSTAKADE: HARTCAMP APTS <
  
< TETTERODE - p8:  DACOSTAKADE: HARTCAMP APTS <
  
< TETTERODE - p8-1:  DACOSTAKADE: HARTCAMP APTS <
  

< TETTERODE - p8-2:  DACOSTAKADE: HARTCAMP APTS <
  
< TETTERODE - p9:  BILDERDIJKSTRAAT BUILDINGS <
  
< TETTERODE - p10:  BILDERDIJKSTRAAT APTS <
  
< TETTERODE - p11:  BILDERDIJKSTRAAT APTS <
  

< TETTERODE - p12:  BILDERDIJKSTRAAT APTS <
  
   TETTERODE - p13:  BILDERDIJKSTRAAT APTS